Translated to English by Act for freedom now!
Grecja w ogniu: we are publishing a fragment of the report “Relations between extremists in Central and Eastern Europe and Greece”
Extremist violence is considered a serious threat to modern European and global security, especially when linked to terrorism and other strategies of guerrilla warfare. Extremist environmentalists from different countries and regions are now in close contact and are mutually reinforcing. An important part of today’s international extremism is the exchange of strategies and tactical elements.
The emergence of extremism in one country or region is linked to the development of extremism in other countries or regions. This process becomes typical when we speak of the influence of Greek extremism on extremism in Central and Eastern Europe. This article examines the campaigns and connections within the extremist circles of the far-left, the far-right and Islamic extremists.
The extremism of the far-left
The collaboration between the Greek left with the left of Central and Eastern Europe has a long tradition, with roots in the twentieth century when the communist regimes (especially in Czechoslovakia) helped left emigrants that fled Greece during the civil war in the 40’s and 50’s. This traditional Greek Diaspora is not politically active, apart from some “extreme” communist. The Greek Communist Party (KKE) and its ideology are a model for a dogmatic communist party, especially in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. However, the KKE does not support terrorist violence and the guerrilla of today, but instead maintains a traditional Marxist-Leninist line of mass revolution. Its releases are translated into the languages of Central Europe (Komunistická strana Recka 2012).
The young extremists of the far-left of Greece and Central and Eastern Europe have begun intense collaboration during the combative anti-globalization movement between the late twentieth century and early twenty-first. The Black Block and other militant activists met in several mass demonstrations, accompanied by clashes. Greek activists visited Prague during the protests against the Summit of the World Bank / International Monetary Fund in September 2000, and during a protest against the NATO Summit in 2002.
The militant activists in Central and Eastern Europe were in Athens and other Greek cities (mostly Thessaloniki), at the European Social Forum in 2006. Since then they have remained in constant contact with the Greek community (Mezinárodní revoluční organizace 2010). When in 2008 the so-called “Greek Uprising” began, extremists from Eastern Europe launched a strong campaign at home to support it. Websites appeared dedicated specifically to the situation in Greece, especially the Polish website “Greece in flames” (“Grecja w ogniu”). Statements of groups of combatant Greek terrorists have been published in Polish, including Συνωμοσία των Πυρήνων της Φωτιάς (“Conspiracy of Cells of Fire”) and its affinities (Nicola and Alfredo Cell / FAI 2013). The Greek crisis is (beyond the crisis in Syria) also a major theme of the Czech Communist and radical website “Třídní válka” (“Class struggle”) (Bastl, Mareš, Smolík, Vejvodova 2011: 52).
Some extremists of the far left in Central and Eastern Europe are also involved in “combative tourism” in Greece, while others simply operate there, joining the local anarchist structures, including groups that use violence. The most famous case of this type was the case of Andrew Mazurka, called “the last prisoner of the Greek Uprising”. In 2008 he was sentenced to 7 years in prison in Greece for taking part in the fighting during demonstrations. In December 2012 he was deported to prison in Poland to serve the remainder of the sentence. In Poland, Slovakia and the Czech Republic demonstrations and campaigns were organized for this transfer to Poland. (Mareš, Výborný 2013: 30)
In Central and Eastern Europe operations were also conducted in relation to far-left extremism in Greece, these actions took place mainly in the Czech Republic. In April 2010 a collective “Angry Brigade” (“Rozhněvaná brigade”) attacked the Greek embassy in Prague with molotovs. The attack was dedicated to the Greek anarchist prisoner Yiannis Dimitrakis. In 2010-2011 in the Czech Republic and Slovakia a dozen motorway toll booths were destroyed, and at least one of the attacks committed by a group called “Revolutionary Struggle” (“Revoluční boj”) was inspired by Greece. The attack was dedicated Greek anarchist Lambros Foundas (Mareš, Výborný 2013: 31-32).
In recent years in Central and Eastern Europe the impact of direct actions committed by Greek and Italian extremists, and by terrorists of the far-left, can be seen. Support for the anti-fascist struggle of the Greek left, especially against the Golden Dawn, can also be noted. This is an important element of collaboration between the extremists of the far-left of Greece and Central and Eastern Europe.
[Translation to Italian by: RadioAzione [Croatia]]